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Purpose: To describe the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the systemic lupus erythematosus of patients coming to Vinh Phuc Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital in 2019.
Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted on pediatric patients diagnosed with SLE according to Low Association standards of The United States 1982 (updated 1997) admitted and treated at Vinh Phuc Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital from 01/2018 to 12/2019.
Results: Percentage of female was 82.5%, 75.4% live in rural areas. Onset of symptoms 64.9% were fatigue, 57.9% were fever. Over 80% had damage to the skin, mucous membranes and blood. 84.2% had butterfly erythema, 64.9% sensitivity to light, 50.9% mouth ulcers, 42.1% arthritis, 50.9% anorexia, 91.2% hematuria, 87, 7% urinary protein, 61.4% edema, 50.9% kidney damage.
Conclusions: Systemic lupus erythematosus usually occurs in females, > 10 years old, the average onset age was 12.7. The disease causes the most damage in the skin, mucous membranes, hematology, musculoskeletal, and kidney. The most common and prominent non-renal lesions were: anemia, erythema papilloma, arthritis, pericardial effusion, pleural effusion. Common kidney damage was edema, microscopic hematuria, proteinuria, leukocytes.
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